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Wissenschaftlicher Kenntnisstand


  • CCARS-Bericht, Spanien

    2011

    Comité Científico Asesor en Radiofrecuencias y Salud (CCARS)

    Informe Sobre, Radiofrequencias y Salud (2009-2010) – Dritter Bericht des beratenden wissenschaftlichen Ausschusses zu Funkfrequenzen und Gesundheit (CCARS), erstellt auf Ersuchen des spanischen Ministeriums für Industrie, Handel und Tourismus

    „Experimentelle in vivo- und in vitro-Untersuchungen zeigen, dass elektromagnetische Felder (EMF) des Mobilfunks unterhalb der von ICNIRP- und der EU empfohlenen Grenzwerte weder genotoxisch oder mutagen wirken noch programmierten (Apoptose) oder sonstigen Zelltod induzieren.“

    „Aktuelle Erkenntnisse aus klinischen und epidemiologischen Studien weisen nicht auf einen Kausal-zusammenhang zwischen der Exposition gegenüber Mobilfunkfeldern und negativen gesundheitli-chen Auswirkungen hin.“

    „Laut verschiedenen Expertengremien gibt es aktuell keine wissenschaftliche Begründung für eine Reduzierung der geltenden Grenzwerte für elektromagnetische Felder des Mobilfunks, sowohl für die Exposition der Allgemeinbevölkerung als auch für beruflich exponierte Gruppen.“

    (Auszug aus der deutschen Übersetzung zum CCARS-Bericht im WIK EMF-Brief Nr. 35)

    http://www.ccars.es/sites/default/files/Informe_CCARS_2009-2010.pdf

  • Wissenschaftlicher Beirat Funk (WBF), Österreich

    2011

    Konsensusbericht 2011

    Keine Veränderung der Erkenntnislage: Eine gesundheitliche Gefährdung durch Mobilfunk konnte erneut nicht nachgewiesen werden!

    „Eine Gesundheitsgefährdung durch Mobilfunk konnte bisher wissenschaftlich nicht nachgewiesen werden! Es ist daher auch weiterhin davon auszugehen, dass Mobilfunk – bei Einhaltung der Grenzwerte – keine Gesundheitsgefahr für den Menschen darstellt.“ (siehe Seite 1)

    http://www.wbf.or.at/uploads/media/2011_Expertenkonsens.pdf


  • Standing Committee on Epidemiology, International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP), International

    2011

    Epidemiology: Mobile Phones and Brain Tumours

    Although there remains some uncertainty, the trend in the accumulating evidence is increasingly against the hypothesis that mobile phone use can cause brain tumours in adults.

    Page 18 (Conclusions):

    Such evidence as it provides, combined with the results of biological and animal studies, other epidemiological studies, and brain tumour incidence trends, suggest that within the first 10-15 years after first mobile phone use there is unlikely to be a material increase in risk of adult brain tumours resulting from mobile phone use.

    Page 19 (Conclusions): 

    At present there are no data on risk of childhood tumours.
    The possibility of a small or a longer term effect thus cannot be ruled out. Nevertheless, while one cannot be certain, the trend in the accumulating evidence is increasingly against the hypothesis

    http://www.icnirp.de/documents/SCIreview2011.pdf

  • Niederländischer Gesundheitsrat, Niederlande

    2011

    Influence of radiofrequency telecommunication signals on children’s brains

    In summary, the Committee concludes that there is no cause for concern based on the knowledge about short-term effects outlined in this advisory report.

    Available data do not indicate that exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields affect brain development or health in children. However, such effects cannot be ruled out. The number of studies remains limited, and is focused almost exclusively on children aged 10 years and older. In order to make better substantiated claims, more research is needed, particularly in young children. Further research into long-term effects is also desirable.

    http://www.gezondheidsraad.nl/sites/default/files/201120E.pdf

  • OSR-Empfehlung 2010, Österreich

    2010

    Oberster Sanitätsrat (OSR)

    Gesichtspunkte zur aktuellen gesundheitlichen Bewertung des Mobilfunks – Empfehlung des Obersten Sanitätsrates Ausgabe 12/10

    „Nach den aktuellen wissenschaftlichen Reviews zur Mobilfunktelefonie liegt unterhalb der aktuellen Grenz- bzw. Richtwerte derzeit kein gesicherter wissenschaftlicher Nachweis gesundheitlicher Schäden am Menschen vor ...“ (siehe Seite 1)

    „... wird festgehalten, dass die Faktenlage als nicht ausreichend angesehen wird, um die bestehenden Richt- bzw. Grenzwerte (wie sie in der ÖNORM E 8850 verankert sind) in Evidenz basierter Weise auf ein bestimmtes niedrigeres Niveau abzusenken.“ (siehe Seite 3)

    http://www.bmg.gv.at/cms/home/attachments/1/9/2/CH1238/CMS1202111739767/osr-empfehlung_mobilfunk_stand_17.12.2010.pdf

  • Impact and the effectiveness of EU actions, European Union

    2010

    Executive Agency for Health and Conusmers and Bio Intelligence Service in cooperation with Danish Cancer Society, the Institute of Cancer Epidemiology

    Promoting Healthy Environments with a Focus on the Impact of Actions on Electromagnetic Fields

    “There is no conclusive scientific evidence of any adverse health effects below the protection limits of exposure to electromagnetic fields proposed by the International Commission on Non-Ionising Radiation Protection (ICNIRP), implemented in Europe by the Council Recommendation 1999/519/EC. The advantage of applying the ICNIRP guidelines is their solid scientific basis of established biological effects.” (see page 86)

    http://ec.europa.eu/health/electromagnetic_fields/docs/bio_frep_en.pdf

  • EFHRAN-Report, European Union

    2010

    European Health Risk Assessment Network on EMF Exposure (EFHRAN)

    D3 - Report on the analysis of risks associated to exposure to EMF: in vitro and in vivo (animals) studies

    “In the last 15 years most of the research on RF and health has been devoted to the search for nonthermal biological effects of exposure. This search has been unsuccessful so far in spite of the report of many uncorrelated findings. The collection of recent papers does not change the overall picture and, on the contrary, it appears that the quality of the work in particular in terms of exposure systems and dosimetry has not been satisfactory, despite the availability of such devices and methods. Results from the high-quality studies are mostly negative.” (see page 16)
    “For the three frequency ranges examined, the conclusions of the 2009 SCENIHR report are still valid in spite of the publication of several positive findings.” (see Page 27)

    http://efhran.polimi.it/docs/IMS-EFHRAN_09072010.pdf

  • HPS Fact Sheet, USA

    2010

    Health Physics Society (HPS)

    HPS Health Physics Society - Specialists in Radiation Safety, Fact Sheet on Mobile Telephones

    These analyses, together with other previous reviews by expert groups and health agencies, show there is no clear evidence for health hazards from exposures to RF fields below international (IEEE or ICNIRP) exposure guidelines.” (see page 3)

    http://hps.org/documents/Mobile_Telephone_Fact_Sheet_update_May_2010.pdf

  • NCI Factsheet, USA

    2010

    National Cancer Institute (NCI)

    Cell Phones and Cancer Risk

    "Research studies have not shown any consistent link between cellular telephone use and cancer, but scientists feel that additional research is needed before firm conclusions can be drawn." (see summary key point 5)

    http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/Risk/cellphones

  • WBF-Konsensbericht 2010, Österreich

    2010

    Wissenschaftlicher Beirat Funk (WBF)

    Bewertung der aktuellen wissenschaftlichen Studien zum Thema „Mobilfunk und Gesundheit¯

    „Nach eingehender Prüfung der Studienlage sowie intensiver Diskussion kamen die ExpertInnen einstimmig zu dem Ergebnis, dass nach aktuellem Stand zwar vereinzelte Effekte durch den Mobilfunk beschrieben wurden, eine Gesundheitsgefährdung jedoch bisher nicht – wissenschaftlich schlüssig –
    nachgewiesen werden konnte! Es kann daher auch weiterhin davon ausgegangen werden, dass Mobilfunk – bei Einhaltung der Grenzwerte – keine Gesundheitsgefahr für den Menschen darstellt.“ (siehe Seite 1)

    http://www.wbf.or.at/uploads/media/2010_Expertenkonsens.pdf

  • HPA Advice, United Kingdom

    2010

    Health Protection Agency (HPA)

    Health Advice on Mobile Phones

    “The scientific consensus is that, apart from the increased risk of a road accident due to mobile phone use when driving, there is no clear evidence of adverse health effects from the use of mobile phones or from phone masts.” (see website, last visited 10.10.2010)

    http://www.hpa.org.uk/webw/HPAweb&HPAwebStandard/HPAweb_C/1195733769169

  • WHO Fact Sheet 193, International

    2010

    World Health Organization (WHO)

    WHO Fact Sheet 193 – Electromagnetic fields and public health: mobile telephones and their base stations

    “To date, no adverse health effects have been established for mobile phone use.”
    “A retrospective case-control study on adults, INTERPHONE, coordinated by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), was designed to determine whether there are links between use of mobile phones and head and neck cancers in adults. The international pooled analysis of data gathered from 13 participating countries found no increased risk of glioma or meningioma with mobile phone use of more than 10 years. There are some indications of an increased risk of glioma for those who reported the highest 10% of cumulative hours of cell phone use, although there was no consistent trend of increasing risk with greater duration of use. Researchers concluded that biases and errors limit the strength of these conclusions and prevent a causal interpretation.“ (see website, last visited 10.10.2010)

    http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs193/en/index.html

  • SSK-Stellungnahme: Mikrodosimetrie - HF, Deutschland

    2009

    Strahlenschutzkommission (SSK)

    Mikrodosimetrie – HF Biologische Relevanz der Energiedeposition im mikroskopischen Bereich durch Felder des Mobilfunks – Stellungnahme der Strahlenschutzkommission

    „Aufgrund eingehender Beratungen, Literaturrecherchen und der Ergebnisse eines eigens durchgeführten Fachgesprächs mit ausgewiesenen Experten aus den Bereichen Physik, Chemie, Biologie, Dosimetrie und theoretischer Elektrotechnik kommt die Strahlenschutzkommission (SSK) zu dem Schluss, dass es nach derzeitiger Faktenlage weder neue theoretische Modelle noch experimentelle Befunde gibt, die das Konzept der SARBestimmung durch makroskopische Dosimetrie in Frage stellen. Es besteht daher keine Veranlassung, die bestehenden Grenzwerte zu senken.“ (siehe Seite 2)

    http://www.ssk.de/de/werke/2009/volltext/ssk0905.pdf

  • WBF-Konsensbericht 2009, Österreich

    2009

    Wissenschaftlicher Beirat Funk

    Bewertung der aktuellen wissenschaftlichen Studien zum Thema „Mobilfunk und Gesundheit"

    „Nach eingehender Prüfung der Studienlage sowie intensiver Beratung der zahlreichen Themengebiete und Fragestellungen kamen die Experten einstimmig zu dem Ergebnis, dass Mobilfunk bei Einhaltung der Grenzwerte für die menschliche Gesundheit keine Gefahr darstellt.“ (siehe Seite 1)

    http://www.wbf.or.at/wbf-expertenforum/expertenforum-2009/

  • GR Report on EMF 2008, The Netherlands

    2009

    Health Council of the Netherlands (Gezondheitsraad)

    Electromagnetic Fields, 5th Annual Update 2008

    "The picture that emerges from the available scientific evidence is that there is no causal link between exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields and the occurrence of medically unexplained physical symptoms. However, there is a link between the symptoms and assumed exposure and with that very probably a link to risk perception. Nevertheless, the symptoms do exist and require a solution." (see page 108)

    http://www.gezondheidsraad.nl/sites/default/files/200902.pdf

  • Sixth Annual Report 2009, Sweden

    2009

    Independent Expert Group on Electromagnetic Fields, Swedish Radiation Safety Authority (IEC SSM)

    Recent Research on EMF and Health Risks, Sixth annual report from SSM:s independent Expert Group on Electromagnetic Fields 2009

    “Overall the studies published to date do not demonstrate an increased risk of cancer related to mobile phone use within approximately ten years of use for any tumour of the brain or any other head tumour. For tumours other than intracranial, few epidemiological studies have been completed, but reasons to suspect an association with mobile telephony are even weaker than for tumours of the head. (…) However, there are currently no data on mobile telephone use and cancer risk in children.”
    “However, these results in combination with the negative animal data and very low exposure from transmitters make it highly unlikely that living in the vicinity of a transmitter implicates an increased risk of cancer.”
    “While the symptoms experienced by patients with perceived electromagnetic hypersensitivity are very real and some subjects suffer severely, there is no evidence that RF exposure is a causal factor.” (see page 4)

    http://www.stralsakerhetsmyndigheten.se/Global/Publikationer/Rapport/Stralskydd/2009/SSM-Rapport-2009-36.pdf

  • Review of Nordic Radiation Safety Authorities, Nordic States

    2009

    Five Nordic radiation safety authorities

    Exposure to high frequency electromagnetic fields, biological effects and health consequences (100 kHz-300 GHz) - Review of the Scientific Evidence and Health Consequences

    “The Nordic authorities agree that there is no scientific evidence for adverse health effects caused by radiofrequency field strengths in the normal living environment at present. This conclusion concurs with the opinion of international scientific and advisory bodies listed as references below [ICNIRP,1998 and 2009; WHO, 2005 and 2006; SCENIHR 2009; SSI`s Independent Expert Group on Electromagnetic Fields, 2007]. The Nordic authorities therefore at present see no need for a common recommendation for further actions to reduce these radiofrequency fields.” (see page 3)

    http://www.stuk.fi/stuk/tiedotteet/2009/en_GB/news_578/_files/82468697241813139/default/Nordic_Statement-EMF161109.pdf

  • NTP on Cell Phones, USA

    2009

    US National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), National Toxicology Program

    NPT Fact Sheet \Cell Phone Radiofrequency Radiation Studies., National Toxicolog Program NPT, headquartered at the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences NIH-HHS

    “The weight of scientific evidence has not conclusively linked cell phones with any health problems. Additional research is needed. The NTP is conducting studies on radiofrequency radiation emitted by cell phones.” (see page 1)

    http://www.niehs.nih.gov/health/docs/cell-phone-fact-sheet.pdf

  • ICNIRP Abstract: Epidemiology, International

    2009

    Standing Committee on Epidemiology, International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP)

    Epidemiologic Evidence on Mobile Phones and Tumor Risk: A Review (Abstract) published in the journal =Epidemiology‘ Vol. 20, Issue 5, pp 639-652

    ¯Overall the studies published to date do not demonstrate an increased risk within approximately 10 years of use for any tumor of the brain or any other head tumor ... For slow-growing tumors ... the absence of association reported thus far is less conclusive because the observation period has been too short.” (see website, last visited 10.10.2010)

    http://journals.lww.com/epidem/Abstract/2009/09000/Epidemiologic_Evidence_on_Mobile_Phones_and_Tumor.5.aspx

  • ICNIRP Review: Biological Effects, International

    2009

    International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP)

    Exposure to high frequency electromagnetic fields, biological effects and health consequences (100 kHz-300 GHz) - Review of the scientific evidence on dosimetry, biological effects, epidemiological observations, and health consequences concerning exposure to high frequency electromagnetic fields (100 kHz to 300 GHz)

    “In conclusion, whilst it is in principle impossible to disprove the possible existence of nonthermal interaction, the plausibility of the nonthermal mechanisms discussed above is very low.” (see page 96)
    “... recent in vitro and animal genotoxicity and carcinogenicity studies are rather consistent overall and indicate that such effects are unlikely at SAR levels up to 4 W kg-1“ (see page 261)
    “The experimental data do not suggest so far that children are more susceptible than adults to RF radiation, but few relevant studies have been conducted.” (see page 261)
    “Results of epidemiological studies to date give no consistent or convincing evidence of a causal relation between RF exposure and any adverse health effect.
    Although the likelihood is low fields emanating from base stations would create a health hazard, because of their weakness, this possibility is nevertheless a concern for many people.
    The majority of research has focused on brain and head and neck tumors but studies on other health effects may be equally justified.
    Another gap in research is children. Children are increasingly heavy users of mobile phones, they may be particularly susceptible to harmful effects, and they are likely to accumulate many years of exposure.”
    (see page 322)
    ¯Results of epidemiological studies to date give no consistent or convincing evidence of a causal relation between RF exposure and any adverse health effect. On the other hand, these studies have too many deficiencies to rule out an association.” (see page 336)

    http://www.icnirp.org/documents/RFReview.pdf

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